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Vermiculture: Indoor Composting and Organic Soil Improvement
 by: Kenneth Point

Maybe youíve never heard the term vermiculture, if so donít feel bad, many experienced gardeners are unfamiliar with this organic practice. I think vermiculture is fascinating; simply put itís the process of composting kitchen waste with earthworms. Weíre not talking about common night crawlers, but special varieties of worms such as red worms, and red wigglers.

Okay, Iíll admit to owning an ant farm when I was a kid, but this is so much more practical. Vermiculture, or vermicomposting as its also known is more like beekeeping; yes Iíve given that a try too. But just imagine for a second, you feed the worms your leftover garbage and kitchen scraps. The worms then quickly eat all those leftovers, sparing you the hassles of taking out the garbage.

And hereís the best part, while the composting worms are disposing of your garbage, theyíre also producing a terrific organic fertilizer and soil conditioner called earthworm castings. Well, okayÖ the term earthworm casting is just a nice name for earthworm excrement. I donít know who thought up the name earthworm castings, but I guess it makes sense if you think it through.

You may have seen worm castings for sale at your local garden center and didnít realize what you were dealing with, but now you know. Donít worry, earthworm castings are clean, odorless, and sterileÖ trust me on this one. You donít need gloves or a shovel to handle them, and they are wonderful for improving your soil quality and for promoting the growth and health of all your plants.

So you can purchase bags of earthworm castings to use around the garden or if youíre a little more adventurous you can set up an ďearthworm farmĒ and produce your own. The farm is actually just a worm bin that can be set up indoors or outdoors depending on the climate.

Vermicomposting isnít complicated, but the worms are living creatures, and have certain requirements. For example they donít tolerate extremely hot living conditions, and they also wonít survive freezing. The worms are pretty healthy eaters, so while eggshells are fine, donít try slipping any meat, fats, or greasy foods into their diet.

If this sounds a little like having a pet, well it is. Not terribly demanding, but they do require a little of your attention to make sure that things run smoothly. In exchange theyíll be hard at work performing their community service to save the environment and to help you grow a better garden.

Kids love vermicomposting and some schools even include vermiculture as part of the curriculum. For those of you wishing that they had grown up with a worm bin instead of that ant farm, itís not too late to try one out. You can find plans for building homemade bins or you can purchase fancy multi-level bins over the Internet. And unlike those ant farms, you can have these bins delivered complete with the composting worms.

If youíre up for the challenge and interested in recycling your familyís kitchen waste into a valuable fertilizer and soil conditioner, try your hand at vermiculture. During long winters, it may even help to pass the time until you can get back out into the garden.

About The Author

Kenneth Point publishes a monthly gardening newsletter and is the author of the ďAmazing Secrets to Growing Luscious Fruits and Vegetables at Home.Ē For free gardening tips and information visit his website at

This article was posted on February 27, 2006


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